The Armenian Highlands: Cradle of Civilization

The highlands of Armenia is where human civilization thrived thousands of years ago and to many what is known to be the 'cradle of civilization'. Many historians place the Indo-European homeland in the Armenian Highlands.

Some scholars believe, for example, that the earliest mention of the Armenians is in the Akkadian inscriptions dating to the 28th-27th centuries BC, in which the Armenians are referred to as the sons of Haya, after the regional god of the Armenian Highlands. (see: Artak Movsisyan, Hnaguyn Petut’yunĕ Hayastanum–Aratta (Yerevan: Depi yerkir 1992) 41.)

Many experts say that the Armenians started as a mixture of the different peoples to move through the area in history: The Hurrians, Urarteans, Luvians and Mushki. This last group, also knowns as Phrygians may have brought their Indo-European language to Armenia. The Armenian language today is Indo-European, but shows a lot of influence from the earlier languages, especially Urartean. (“Armenians” in Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture or EIEC, edited by J. P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, published in 1997 by Fitzroy Dearborn.)

Many hypothesis's regarding the Indo-European homeland are around Armenia, Greece, and the Caucasus. The Armenian Hypothesis which places Armenia as the Indo-European homeland is accepted by many Russian and Georgian historians specialized in European and Caucasus history and who are known for there contributions to history in the Caucasus and Armenia.

References:
*Armenia: Cradle of Civilization by David Marshall Lang
*Martiros Kavoukjian, Armenia, Subartu, and Sumer
*T. V. Gamkrelidze and V. V. Ivanov, The Early History of Indo-European Languages, Scientific American, March 1990
*I.M. Diakonoff, The Prehistory of the Armenian People (1984).