The Armenian Highlands: Cradle of Civilization

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The highlands of Armenia is where human civilization thrived thousands of years ago and to many what is known to be the 'cradle of civilization'. Many historians place the Indo-European homeland in the Armenian Highlands.

Some scholars believe, for example, that the earliest mention of the Armenians is in the Akkadian inscriptions dating to the 28th-27th centuries BC, in which the Armenians are referred to as the sons of Haya, after the regional god of the Armenian Highlands. (see: Artak Movsisyan, Hnaguyn Petut’yunĕ Hayastanum–Aratta (Yerevan: Depi yerkir 1992) 41.)

Many experts say that the Armenians started as a mixture of the different peoples to move through the area in history: The Hurrians, Urarteans, Luvians and Mushki. This last group, also knowns as Phrygians may have brought their Indo-European language to Armenia. The Armenian language today is Indo-European, but shows a lot of influence from the earlier languages, especially Urartean. (“Armenians” in Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture or EIEC, edited by J. P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, published in 1997 by Fitzroy Dearborn.)

Many hypothesis's regarding the Indo-European homeland are around Armenia, Greece, and the Caucasus. The Armenian Hypothesis which places Armenia as the Indo-European homeland is accepted by many Russian and Georgian historians specialized in European and Caucasus history and who are known for there contributions to history in the Caucasus and Armenia.

*Armenia: Cradle of Civilization by David Marshall Lang
*Martiros Kavoukjian, Armenia, Subartu, and Sumer
*T. V. Gamkrelidze and V. V. Ivanov, The Early History of Indo-European Languages, Scientific American, March 1990
*I.M. Diakonoff, The Prehistory of the Armenian People (1984).

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