Dr L.L. Zamenhof created the new Esperanto language after growing up watching different ethnic groups argue in his hometown. He published his book on his new language under the pen name "Doktoro Esperanto."
Esperanto means "one who hopes." Zamenhof hoped his new language would provide a common ground for different groups of people to be able to build on peace.
Esperanto is a constructed language. This means it is not of an ethnic origin or country. No country has ever adopted it to be their official language.
Esperanto is a neutral language and is often used by some relief groups. The military has used in when doing exercises with other nations.
It is also used by many people when they travel the world or corresponding to others through out the world. TV and radio broadcasting sometimes uses the Esperanto language as well as literature.
Zamenhof translated the Old Testament into Esperanto. It is also used in language instruction course to help teach other languages.
Many experts say that by learning the Esperanto language, one would have a good foundation to learn other languages. Esperanto is considered easier to learn than other languages.
It is estimated that it only takes about a quarter of the time to learn the Esperanto language compared to other languages. This is due to the Esperanto words being based off of a core group of root words.
Since most of the Esperanto language is linked to these core roots, it is easier for to learn the words and their meanings. These roots are similar to the Romance, Germanic and Slavic languages.
Another reason the Esperanto language is easy to learn, is that it is a phonetic language. This allows the person learning Esperanto to know how to say a written word and write a spoken word.
The most popular way to learn the Esperanto language is through self-study. Often this is through correspondence courses or online tutorials. An online source is the lernu website.
A few primary schools as well as some universities through out the world offer courses to learn the Esperanto language. Esperanto is popular in Europe and the East Asia.
The Esperanto language has a flag to represent it. The flag has a five-point green star on a green field.
L.L. Zamenhof's goal with the Esperanto language was to promote peace, or pacon in Esperanto, through a common language. It is fitting that his birthday is so close to what some consider to be the most peaceful holiday. In Esperanto, one says Gajan Kristnaskon, translated it is Merry Christmas.
Written by Denise Clay